Called ‘superlative trees’ they are the biggest and tallest trees located around the world, but not all of them are located in the US where you might think. It seems big trees are a global thing and today we look at ten of the tallest and biggest, plus discover where they are located…
The Top 10 Tallest Species of Trees From Around the World
10 – Eucalyptus obliqua, Australia (Brown top stringybark) – Average Growth Height: 86m (281ft)
This hardwood tree (commonly known as Australian oak) is native to Australia and is known for its big lignotuber which is a woody swelling of the root which, believe it not, helps to protect the tree against death by fire.
9 – Eucalyptus delegatensis, Australia (Alpine ash) – Average Growth Height: 87.9m (288ft)
This species is once again a member of the Stringybark Group of eucalypts, but of course, it is not the tallest of them. This species, in general, is found in the higher-altitude parts of Tasmania which makes it hard for the timber firms to log it, but sadly they do anyway.
8 – Eucalyptus globulus, Australia (Southern blue gum) – Average Growth Height: 90.7m (298ft)
The blue gum is one of the most widely cultivated trees native to Australia. But it is also the floral emblem of Tasmania for its colourful bark and long lifespan. The trees scientific name is taken from the Latin ‘globulus’ which means ‘a little button’, referring to the shape of the trees bud caps.
7 – Eucalyptus viminalis, Australia (Manna gum) – Average Growth Height: 91m (299ft)
This tree has hard, rough bark on the bottom, but the high up the trunk you get the more it peels away into long “ribbons”. It is this trees leaves that Koalas love the most, but the bark is also a favourite of Indigenous Australians who use it to make shields and bowls among many other things.
6 – Shorea faguetiana, Borneo (Yellow meranti) – Average Growth Height: 93m (305ft)
Found in Borneo, Malay Peninsula, and Thailand. It is this species of plant that is the tallest documented tropical angiosperm in the world at 93.0m tall (located in Sabah on the island of Borneo).
5 – Sequoiadendron giganteum, US (Giant sequoia) – Average Growth Height: 95.7m (314ft)
When you ask most people what the world tallest tree is most people will say its a giant sequoia (giant redwood). As a weird fact, its scientific name originated from the Latin sequi (meaning to follow) since the number of seeds per cone always fall in mathematical sequence with the other four genera in the suborder. It seems mother nature can be oddly precise in her randomness.
4 – Picea sitchensis, US (Sitka spruce) – Average Growth Height: 96.7m (317ft)
This is the third-tallest conifer species and gets its name from Sitka, Alaska. While there is only a small remnant of the spruce forest left they are now part of National parks and should remain a protected tree species.
3 – Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii, US (Coast Douglas-fir) – Average Growth Height: 99.7m (327ft)
This evergreen conifer is found in several places in America and is even found as far south as the Santa Lucia Mountains. Its the second-tallest conifer in the world and commonly lives 500 years plus (but some trees are known to be 1,000 years plus).
2 – Eucalyptus regnans, Australia (Mountain ash) – Average Growth Height: 99.8m (327.5ft)
White this swamp gum tree only makes it into our number spot, it is the tallest flowering plant in the world and is known to live for several hundred years. Sadly this Tasmanian oak isn’t as lucky as our number 1 spot and is logged quite heavily.
1 – Sequoia sempervirens, US (Coast redwood) – Average Growth Height: 115m (380ft)
These evergreen trees often live between 1,200–1,800 years old and are the tallest living things on earth. They have mostly avoided logging and deforestation in the area they are because of the brittle wood they are made from making them no good for timber use.