There are so many different foods that contain wheat that our diet would be drastically different if it didn’t exist. So many different countries use wheat as part of their diet that it has to be grown all year round, all over the world. But who produces the most? If you have ever wanted to find out then carry on reading…
10 – Turkey – (Annual Production in Tonnes: 19,500,000)
Info Source: Turkey, between Europe and the Middle East, is an important grain processor which has carved out a major role supplying flour to countries in the region and around the world. Despite the turmoil in neighbouring countries, Turkey’s grains sector has succeeded in maintaining trade.
9 – Pakistan – (Annual Production in Tonnes: 25,000,000)
Info Source: Pakistan’s principal natural resources are arable land and water. About 25% of Pakistan’s agriculture accounts for about 21% of GDP and employs about 43% of the labour force. In Pakistan, the most agricultural province is Punjab where wheat and cotton are the most grown. Mango orchards are mostly found in Sindh and Punjab provinces that make Pakistan the world’s 4th largest producer of mangoes.
8 – Australia – (Annual Production in Tonnes: 26,000,000)
Info Source: During the past decade, state-of-the-art farming systems, new plant varieties and new techniques have increased the reliability of grain production in Australia’s growing environment. Climate and weather patterns, as well as soil type effectively split Australia into two major grain cropping regions — northern and southern — and two crop growing periods — winter and summer.
7 – Ukraine – (Annual Production in Tonnes: 27,000,000)
Info Source: The growth of milling product exports is likely a result of national processors’ efforts to penetrate other destinations as their traditional markets among Customs Union member countries are gradually closing down for Ukrainian product. The supplies of flour to all Customs Union Members (excluding Belarus) are expected to decrease even further.
6 – Canada – (Annual Production in Tonnes: 27,600,000)
Link Broken: Within Canada, wheat is the most important cultivated crop (grown on an average of over 10 million hectares), though canola is increasing in significance. Only one class of durum is grown, amber durum; however, there are several classes of common wheat, based on factors including seed hardness and colour, sowing time (autumn or spring) and the region where the varieties are grown.
5 – United States – (Annual Production in Tonnes: 55,840,000)
Info Source: The United States Department of Agriculture defines eight official classes of wheat: durum wheat, hard red spring wheat, hard red winter wheat, soft red winter wheat, hard white wheat, soft white wheat, unclassed wheat, and mixed wheat.
4 – Russia – (Annual Production in Tonnes: 60,500,000)
Info Source: Long known for its oil and gas, Russia is now moving to retake leadership in the world wheat trade it last held when the Czars ruled. In the process, it’s reshaping the market for one of the world’s most important traded food products.
3 – India – (Annual Production in Tonnes: 88,940,000)
Info Source: Wheat is one of the most important food crop in India. It is the staple food in major part of the country. It is taken for its goodness with rich fibres and instant carbohydrate release. Especially, the people in Northern parts of India are totally depending on it as the chief food crop.
2 – China – (Annual Production in Tonnes: 130,000,000)
Info Source: Wheat is the second most-prevalent grain crop, grown in most parts of the country but especially on the North China Plain, the Wei and Fen River valleys on the Loess Plateau, and in Jiangsu, Hubei, and Sichuan provinces. Corn and millet are grown in north and northeast China, and oat is important in Inner Mongolia and Tibet.
1 – European Union – (Annual Production in Tonnes: 157,663,000)
Info Source: Cereal production was concentrated in a limited number of Member States with just three Member States accounting for half of total EU production. Unsurprisingly, France and Germany were also the largest producers of wheat and barley. Together they accounted for nearly half (43.5 %) of total EU wheat production.